sexually-transmitted-disease

14 Dangerous sexually transmitted diseases and their symptoms.

One fact everyone needs to know about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) is that anyone who is sexually active is at risk.
Regardless of a person’s gender, race, social class, or sexual orientation the risks of STDs are real and keeping multiple sex partners heightens that risk.
It is also important to note that STDs can spread through any type of sexual activity – including skin-to-skin contact and oral sex.
Below are some of them and their signs:
  1. Genital Warts (HPV): Skin-to-skin contact is enough to spread HPV, the virus family that causes genital warts. Some types cause warts and are usually harmless, but others may lead to cervical or anal cancerSymptoms: Pink or flesh-colored warts that are raised, flat, or shaped like cauliflower.
  2. Crabs (Pubic Lice): ‘Crabs’ is a term for the lice that live in pubic hair. They crawl from one person to another during close contact. Symptoms: Intense itching, tiny eggs attached to pubic hair, or crawling lice.
  3. Scabies: Scabies is an itchy infestation caused by a tiny mite that burrows into human skin to lay eggs. Apart from being acquired during sex, it can spread through any skin-to-skin contact. Symptoms: Intense itching especially at night and a pimple-like rash.
  4. Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea spreads easily and can lead to infertility in both men and women, if untreated. Symptoms: Common symptoms are burning during urination and discharge, skin rashes. Men may experience discharge from the penis, swollen testicles while women may suffer vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, spotting. It is easily confused with a urinary tract or vaginal infection.
  5. Syphilis: Syphilis can lead to paralysis, blindness, and death. It can cause damage to organs such as the heart, brain, liver, nerves, and eyes. Symptoms: The first sign is usually a firm, round, painless sore on the genitals or anus. The disease spreads through direct contact with this sore. Other signs are rash on the soles, palms, or other parts of the body, swollen glands, fever, hair loss, or fatigue.
  6. Chlamydia: This common STD can lead to infertility if left untreated but clears up quickly with antibiotics. Chlamydia can also infect the rectum and throat. Symptoms: Men may have burning and itching at the tip of the penis, discharge, painful urination while women suffer Vaginal itching, discharge that may have an odor, pain during sex, painful urination.
  7. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1: This herpes virus (HSV-1) spreads easily among household members or through kissing. It can also be spread to the genitals through oral or genital contact with an infected person. Though there is no cure. Symptoms: Occasional cold sores or “fever blisters” on the lips. Small blister or sores on the genitals are also possible.
  8. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2: Most cases of genital herpes are caused by a virus called HSV-2. It’s highly contagious and can spread through intercourse or direct contact with a herpes sore. Symptoms: Fluid-filled blisters that form painful, crusted sores on the genitals, anus, thighs, or buttocks.
  9. Hepatitis B: This virus that can cause severe liver damage and it spreads through contact with blood and other body fluids, sex, needle sharing, and at birth, as well as by sharing razors and toothbrushes. Symptoms: Nausea, belly pain, dark urine, fatigue, and a yellowing of the skin or eyes with acute infection. Chronic infection can lead to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.
  10. HIV/AIDS:  HIV virus weakens the body’s defence against infections. It is spread through unprotected sex, needle sharing, or being born to an infected mother. Symptoms: It may show no signs for years, so a blood test is the best way to know. Symptoms may include swollen glands, fever, headaches, and fatigue.
  11. Trichomoniasis: This is caused by a parasite that spreads during sexual contact. Symptoms in men include a mild discharge or slight burning during urination while women may develop a yellow-green discharge with a strong odor, vaginal itching, or pain during sex or urination.
  12. Chancroid: This bacterial STD is common in Africa and causes genital sores that can spread the bacteria from one person to another. Symptoms in men are painful bumps on the penis that may develop into pus-filled open sores, pain in the genitals and groin while women experience painful bumps in the genital area that can develop into open sores, swollen lymph nodes in the groin.
  13. LGV (Lymphogranuloma Venereum): This type of chlamydia that is becoming more common in homosexuals. Symptoms: Open sores on the genitals or anus, headache, fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph glands in the groin.
  14. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: This is a serious complication of untreated STDs, especially chlamydia and gonorrhoea, which can damage a woman’s fertility. It happens when bacteria spread to infect the uterus and other female reproductive organs. Symptoms: Lower abdominal pain, fever, unusual discharge, painful intercourse, painful urination, and spotting.

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